What is the Difference between White Gold and Platinum?
White gold and platinum are two of the most popular precious metals used in jewelry making. While they may look similar, they have several differences in terms of composition, durability, and price. In this article, we will explore the key differences between white gold and platinum, helping you to make an informed decision when choosing the right metal for your jewelry.
Composition of White Gold
White gold is an alloy made up of gold and other metals, usually nickel, manganese, or palladium. The metals are added to the gold to create a white color and to increase its strength and durability. The typical composition of white gold is 14 or 18 karats, with 14 karats being 58.3% gold and 41.7% other metals, and 18 karats being 75% gold and 25% other metals.
Composition of Platinum
Platinum is a naturally occurring white metal that is rarer and more valuable than gold. Unlike white gold, it is not an alloy, and it is much stronger and more durable. Platinum is also heavier than white gold, which gives it a more substantial feel. Platinum is often used in jewelry making because of its strength, durability, and natural white color.
Durability and Maintenance
One of the main differences between white gold and platinum is their durability. Platinum is much stronger and more durable than white gold, making it a great choice for those who are looking for a piece of jewelry that will last a lifetime. Unlike white gold, platinum does not need to be re-plated or re-polished, making it a low-maintenance option.
White gold, on the other hand, is more prone to scratches and other damage due to its softer composition. To maintain its appearance, white gold jewelry needs to be re-plated with rhodium every few years, which can be a costly and time-consuming process.
The cost of white gold and platinum can also vary greatly. Platinum is more expensive than white gold, due to its rarity and the fact that it is a naturally occurring metal. However, the price of white gold can also be influenced by the other metals used in its composition, as well as the quality of the gold itself.
Another key difference between white gold and platinum is their color. Platinum has a natural white color, while white gold is yellow in its original form and is only made white through the addition of other metals. The color of white gold can also change over time as the rhodium plating wears off, revealing the yellow gold underneath.
When choosing between white gold and platinum, it is important to consider your lifestyle. If you are looking for a low-maintenance option that will last a lifetime, platinum may be the better choice. If you prefer a more affordable option or are looking for a piece of jewelry that can be re-sized or re-shaped more easily, white gold may be the right choice for you.
In conclusion, white gold and platinum are both popular choices for jewelry making, but they have several key differences. While white gold is an alloy made up of gold and other metals, platinum is a naturally occurring white metal that is stronger, more durable, and more expensive. When choosing between these two metals, consider your lifestyle, budget, and personal preferences to make the best decision for your needs.
- Is white gold real gold? Yes, white gold is real gold, but it is an alloy made up of gold and other metals. The addition of other metals gives it a white color and increases its strength and durability.
- Is platinum more valuable than white gold? Yes, platinum is generally more valuable than white gold due to its rarity and the fact that it is a naturally occurring metal.
- Does platinum need to be maintained like white gold? No, platinum is a low-maintenance option and does not need to be re-plated or re-polished like white gold.
- Can white gold change color over time? Yes, the color of white gold can change over time as the rhodium plating wears off, revealing the yellow gold underneath.
- Which metal is best for people with a more active lifestyle? Platinum is a more durable metal and may be a better choice for people with a more active lifestyle, as it is less prone to scratches and damage than white gold. However, this ultimately depends on personal preference and budget.